The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal civil rights law granting equal rights and access to persons with disabilities. Non-compliance may result in fines, injuries, and lawsuits. In fact, the number of ADA lawsuits brought to Federal Court continue to rise each year and the typical settlement is $15,000.
Parking lots tend to be a big issue for many properties because pavement is the first area encountered and it is the most visible. While some violations are easy to spot, others can be less obvious unless you know what to look for. Either way, if your parking lots are non-compliant, you can be liable.
We’ve compiled a few pictures of common safety issues concerning ADA parking. If any of these look familiar, contact Let’s Pave to ensure that your parking lots are up to code. You may also download our Guide to ADA Compliance.
This stall is missing signage to clearly identify the space as ADA parking. The slope, access, and path of travel are off as well.
The crosswalk is not in alignment with the visually impaired detectable warning devices.
It’s a common occurrence to see shopping carts piled up in ADA accessible routes rather than in cart corrals. Make sure carts are collected regularly from corrals and other areas around the parking lot.
Inadequate slope is a common mistake in ADA designated parking spaces. Compliant spaces shall have a maximum slope of 2% in any direction.
Curb ramps must also comply with specific slope requirements to counter the slope of surfaces adjacent to the ramp. The maximum slope is 1:12 or 8.333% and the maximum cross slope is 1:48 or 2.08%.
There is no accessibility for the second stall. The stall where the truck is currently parked should be crosshatched and labeled as van-accessible.
Single-sided signs in ADA parking spaces (or single-sided placards affixed to same post) need to be arranged as follows from top to bottom – Reserved Parking, Van Accessible, Maximum Fine $500, No Parking in Access Aisle – note that states and municipalities in certain circumstances have more stringent signage requirements. The minimum signage height is measured from the parking surface to the bottom of the lowest sign or tag. As a Federal minimum guideline, this measurement must be a minimum of 84” if the sign and post are located within the path of travel and a minimum of 60” if outside of the path of travel.
Signs and corresponding markings must identify all ADA parking. This stall is not identified with the proper corresponding markings. In addition there is likely a compliance issue with the slope and access in this particular case.